Bringing ZU’s Centre for European Studies to a level of excellence so as to make it a leading Chinese academic institution in European studies , both within China and abroad.
Such Centre , through its location in ZJ Province, a place with a dynamic regional leadership, a strong entrepreneurial spirit and a prestigious academic tradition, would, with the strong support from the Ministry of Education, the Provincial Government and local entrepreneurs
a) contribute to the building up by China and the EU of a close and risk-shared partnership , through securing a better knowledge and deeper understanding of the complex and diverse European reality;
b) promote Sino-European interdisciplinary interchange and cooperation inside and outside Zhejiang University.
c) develop an effective European network both at academic and business level with the view of building up strong and intense connections with the ZJ business, society and academic community.
d) exert an impact on the policy-making process in China through policy related research drawing on an high-level expertise of European matters and on a deep knowledge of ZJ strong private-sector economy.
◎ZU’s comparative advantages
Zhejiang University, locating in Hangzhou ‘the paradise on earth’ as the capital of beautiful Zhejiang ,ranks third among Chinese universities
Being the home of ‘Wengzhou model’, Zhejiang's private business sector has been the driving force behind the highest sustained economic expansion in recent history, with output rising at an average of 13 per cent a year, four points ahead of the national rate, since 1979.
○ Zhejiang is an outstanding example of what can achieve a private-sector led economy supported by a can-do government in terms of economic growth within the environmental sustainability constraint. Since ZJ is not well endowed with natural resources, local people had to be very innovative and entrepreneurial in building up an export-led manufacturing sector while preserving the natural beauty of the landscape and the quality of life in the new urban developments.
○ As Zhejiang’s economy is highly dependent on manufactured goods exports, it is in the Province’s interest to help ensure that the European market remains widely open to business with China, through a continuous observation and analysis of the economic and political developments in the EU .
◎Developing relevant areas of expertise
Europe is as complex as China, not a minor feature indeed ! A newly-settled Centre for European studies can therefore hardly aim at covering the broad range of cultural , historical, institutional dimensions of European economic and political reality. It cannot compete with well established strategic studies centers across the country. It has to focus on selected areas of expertise, particularly with regard to its research programme.
Three domains seem both relevant and promising:
a) Studying the EU experience in policy-making areas which are of particular interest for ZJ as entrepreneurial heartland: intellectual property protection, regulation of competition in network industries (energy , telecommunications, transportations) and in financial services (supervisory authority and prudential rules), environment protection and enhancement, SMB’ and joint ventures support schemes, Corporate Social Responsibility, training schemes for workers, industrial and technological parks.
b) To provide the expertise on Europe to the local business community, on trade policy issues : trade defense ( anti-dumping, anti-subsidies and safeguards clauses), rules of origin, trade related technical assistance, trade facilitation.
c) To learn the lessons from EU integration for the stabilization of North-East-Asia ; the geographical proximity of the coastal area to the zone of tensions in the North-Eastern Asia region makes the EU experience with regard to the stabilization of its neighborhood particularly relevant. .
◎Encompassing research, high education and training
What makes a CES successful is the balance it achieves between three pillars: research which fuels the quality of the teaching, teaching by good academics using modern didactic methods, training of officials and of business people.
○ Research will be conducted by Ph.D students working under the supervision of Chinese and European academics (through e- education systems); exchange of scholars with leading EU universities will be encouraged;
○ Teaching will address the three levels of education : undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate (Ph.D and special topics); exchange of students with EU universities will be encouraged;
○ Training of government officials –both central and provincial- and of businessmen who have to deal with EU matters, will be tailor made according to the specific needs of the trainees; stages in EU government services and in EU companies will be encouraged.
1. Teaching : targeted groups and ambitioned level of education
a) undergraduate: 40 to 50 students in business and public administration would follow an mandatory introductory course on EU ( history, institutions, main policies) which would be given over two academic years ( 30 h)
b) graduate: a certain number of students in business and public administration will have the possibility to deepen their knowledge of the EU policies through 3 courses: one common to the business and the PA section; another one, more specific for the business section focused on the business environment in the EU, and a last one for the PA section focused on policy making in the EU.
c) post-graduate: the CES would provide certain advanced courses on specialized matters ( norms-setting, regulation of network industries and of financial markets, macroeconomic policy in the eurozone, defence trade policy, competition policy, EU-China economic relations)
2. Organization of workshops and conferences on topics of mutual interest for EU and Chinese academics, government officials , entrepreneurs and the civil society.
One major prestigious symposium/conference should be planned annually in Zhejiang China, while another major event (visit and dialogue with European institutions) would take place in Europe. The major events would be mainly financed by central and/or provincial government, by enterprises and even NGO as well as by the EU. The symposium/conference would provide the CES with an opportunity to present its overall objectives, and the ZJ Province to enhance its visibility in Europe.
3. special training programmes designed on specific requests from the authorities and from the regional business community ; these programmes will mobilize experts and specialists varying according to different modules : either one-week or two-weeks residential courses ; or evening and Saturday classes.
Yao Xianguo, Chair of CES’s Board. consisting of prestigious personalities and persons who are supporting financially the CES and contributing to its activities.
Li Jinshan, Executive Director of ZJU CES
He Zhaohui, Vice-Director, co-ordinator of the CES project
Lin Ka, Vice-Director of the CES project
Pan Xuequan, the vice president of ZJU, Chair of CES’s Scholarly
◎Issues supposed to be initially focused on
a) Matters related to trade defence instruments , in particular anti-dumping issues;
b) Functional integration and the stabilization of the north-Est –Asian region;
c) SMEs, studying the conditions needed to foster innovation and growth and bilateral cooperation with EU partners;
d) Recommending how best the public and private sectors can work together in reducing counterfeiting and strengthening intellectual property rights ;
e) Governance issues: good governance/ corporate social responsibility (CSR) / industry-government cooperation;
f) Adapting the EU tool of multi-stakeholder dialogues to China.
ZJU yearbook of European studies as CES’s flagship publication, would provide a forum for the scrutiny of important issues in European studies. The papers presented are at the cutting edge of the fields which they address, and reflect the views of scholars on campus. In long terms, the whole series on European studies of ZJU is expected to speak to scholarly audiences and a wider public.
With the view of broadening the base of Sino-European information and interchange, a CES is literally building and sustain the knowledge base on European issues -ranging from exploiting internet resources to purchasing books and reference materials on European studies- from which research fellows ,teaching staff and the business community will be able to draw relevant and updated information for improving their understanding of Europe.
◎Main tasks between 2006-2008
■ The main meeting organized:
☆ September, 2006: China-EU Relations Seminar. Participants’ experts including: Professor Gustaaf Geeraerts (University Libre of Brussels); Professor Reinhardt Rummel (Director of Policy Research Institute, Ludwig Maximilian Muenchen Unitversitaet); Professors of Renmin University of China and Peking University, about 40 people attending the meeting.
☆ November 7, 2006: China -EU Relations Seminar. Participants’ experts including: David Fouquet (Director of the Center for Asia-Europe project); Professor Bruno Coppieters (University Libre of Brussels); Jurgen Turek (Executive Director of Center for Applied Policy Research); Professor SONG Xinning (Director of Centre for European Studies at Renmin University of China); Professor ZHANG Xiaojin (School of International Studies, Renmin University of China).
☆ March, 2007: The Chinese side project coordination meetings of “China -EU——Project of Centre for European Studies”. Participants’ experts including: Well-known experts and scholars who come from Centre for European Studies and European research institutes of Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Peking University, Fudan University, Wuhan University. About 40 people attending the meeting.
☆ May 26, 2007: Seminar of Energy, Development and Aid of Africa. Uwe Wissenbach made the Keynote Speech, about 30 domestic and foreign experts and officials of the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China attending the meeting.
☆ Sep22-23,2008: The Centre and EU-China Trade Project sponsored “EU-China Conference on Consultation and Better Regulation”. Participants’ experts including: Mr. Robert Madelin,( Director General, DG SANCO ), Mr. Dirk Hudig, (Chairman, European Risk Forum), Professor Hou Ruoshi ( Research Fellow, Development Research Centre of State Council), Mr. Nikolai Malyshev (Senior Economist, Regulatory Policy Division, OECD) and Mr. Patrick Horgan, Managing Director, APCO EMEA-Asia)
☆ Nov1-2,2008: The Centre sponsored “2008 governance and Corporate Social Responsibility”. Participants’ experts including: Pierre Defraigne (honorary Minister of Trade of the European Commission, executive director of Eur-Ifri) , Harvey L. White (Immediate Past President of American Society for Public Administration), Jos C.N.Raadschelders (Managing Editor of Public Administration Review).
■ Other major academic activities:
◇ April,2006: Professor Jorgen Eklit (Aahus University in Denmark) was invited by the Center to our school for a short visit and made the lecture named “Local Governance and the Election in Rural China”.
◇ July,2006: Mr. Stanley Crossic, who was the chairman of European Policy Center, and also one of men who created European Policy Center , was invited by the Center to our school for a short visit and made the lecture related to “China -EU trade relations and disputes”.
◇ Oct,2006: Professor Li Jinshan, director of the Center, visited Mr. Bernard Coulie, chairman of University of Louvain in Belgium, and Mr. Samia Patsalides, one of officials of the Department of Foreign Affairs.
◇ Oct–Nov,2006: Mr. Pierre Defraigne (honorary Minister of Trade of the European Commission, executive director of Eur-Ifri) was invited for a week-long visit and lecture. It was held for our teachers and students a series of academic lectures : European trade policies; reunification of Europe; the European Union and economic globalization; and the prospects for China-EU relations.
◇ Nov ,2006: Mr. Serge Abou (Ambassador of the EU Embassy in China) was invited to visit ZJU. The speech about China-EU relations was made for teachers and students.
◇ April,2007:Mr. Pierre Defraigne ( former deputy director of EU Trade) taught the course "the EU integration theory and practice" for students in ZJU
◇ May,2007: Mr. Stanley Crossic visited Zhejiang University again, and hold talks with postgraduates about European policy.
◇ Jun14,2007: Mr. Rinsche (professor of Muenster University),Dr. Kristina Notz (European Research Group researcher of the Center for Applied Policy Research in Munich) were invited and hold a lecture “Europe in a globalized world: The further development of the European Union”.
◇ Jun6,2007: Mr. Etienne Reuter (senior adviser of the "Chinese table" of the European Union Commissioner for External Relations Division) was invited to visit Zhejiang University.
■ Promotion of Inter-school education cooperation
October 9, 2007: Lijinshan (Director of Centre for European Studies of Zhejiang university) visited Catholic University of Louvain and negotiated with Franck (the president of the Institute of European Studies), Professor Schiemgelow (Director of the Center for Asia, Department of Social Sciences), Samia (Assistant President of Foreign Affairs). Both sides focused on the “Project of graduate degree courses about European studies” and the negotiation was very successful.
Entering into the European research Network
October, 2007: Centre for European Studies of Zhejiang university was accepted by the ECAN as a formal Member
■ Scientific research and social services, including:
Scientific paper and books publication, advisory reports and high-level professional training courses.
Book Chapter in China-EU: A Common Future, World Scientific Publishing, 2007.
■ Staff education
2006－2008, we had arranged a variety of academic lectures and courses, and more than 2,000 undergraduate and graduate students attended by the centre.We are cultivating the staff on European affairs through the system course in 2008.